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What Causes Gynecomastia?


June 30, 2016

Gynecomastia is a condition that causes enlarged breast tissue in males, and is most commonly triggered by a hormonal imbalance within the body. When a man’s testosterone levels fall too low their estrogen levels can rise, tipping the hormonal scales and causing breast tissue to swell. While there are a variety of reasons for a male’s hormones to be thrown out of whack, these are three of the most common causes of gynecomastia to be aware of.

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Puberty – It seems almost a given that young adolescent males would run into issues with gynecomastia. After all, if ever there was a time in their lives when their hormones would be haywire, it’s during puberty. For most, the effects of gynecomastia as a result of puberty usually subside, but for some they can linger into adulthood as well. And sometimes, even if they do subside, they may come back later on in life the man’s body ages.

Medication – Taking prescription medication can sometimes alter one’s hormones, off-setting that testosterone/estrogen balance and causing the breasts to enlarge. Some of the most common medications that have been linked to gynecomastia are anti-anxiety medications, anti-depressants, ulcer and heart medications, cancer treatment, and sometimes even antibiotics.

Substance Abuse – Perhaps one of the most prevalent causes of gynecomastia that we see, especially among young-to-middle aged men, is the use of anabolic steroids. While steroids can sometimes be prescribed to manage illness, many times they are abused in an attempt to gain muscle mass. Prolonged use of steroids can cause hormones to conflict, bringing gynecomastia and other associated physical changes. In addition, alcohol, marijuana and controlled substances have also been linked to this condition as well.

Unfortunately once these effects have taken hold, they’re very difficult to reverse without the health of a cosmetic surgeon, but lucky for you, the best is right here! With two convenient locations, Wall Street Cosmetic Surgery is the top plastic surgery center in NYC and Long Island, and a leader in male breast reduction procedures.

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